Repost of an Clarks Ayla Band On Shoes Womens Casual Shoes from 2009 by Charles S. Viar (Twitter: present chairman of the Center for Intelligence Studies in Washington D.C. (reposted here for layout reasons; in accordance with the copyright notice at the bottom of the essay):
BZ486 VITTORIA MENGONI shoes platinum leather women moccasins
Charles S. Viar
Although the origins of intelligence have been lost in the mists of time, the practice is at least as ancient as warfare. In what is perhaps the oldest written reference to an intelligence operation, The Book of Numbers recounts God’s command that Moses dispatch a reconnaissance team to scout the Israelite advance upon the Promised Land:
Send thou men, that they may search the land of Canaan, which I give unto the Children of Israel. Of every tribe of their fathers shall ye send a man, everyone a ruler among them…
Had the Canaanites possessed an effective counterintelligence capability, the story of the Israelite assault might have ended differently. For even a minimal foreknowledge of their intentions and capabilities would have made it possible for the Canaanites to organize a more effective defense. But as may be inferred from the Bible, they failed to detect the operation directed against them.Salvatore Ferragamo Boutique Black Satin Bow Evening Low Heel Ballet Flat Sz 8Balenciaga Navy Blue Leather ARENA Loafer Size 36 Slip On Flats
For that, they paid a fearsome price.
Marc Joseph Women's East Village Loafer Moccasin Shoes - (Coral)*
Narrowly defined as “evaluated information,” intelligence is a dynamic process that involves the collection, analysis, and dissemination of data to national policymakers and other government officials of lesser rank. Intelligence serves to forewarn them of likely actions, events, and developments within their sphere of responsibility; and aids in matching available resources to threats and opportunities alike. As such, it is the sine qua non of effective statecraft.
More broadly, intelligence also serves as a force-multiplier. Much as Archimedes Lever makes it possible to magnify mechanical force transmitted across space, covert and clandestine intelligence operations make it possible for states to enhance the power they project beyond their frontiers.Crocs crocs Womens Kadee Ballet Flat- Pick SZ/Color.Skechers Women's Cleo-Ray of Sunshine-Engineered Knit Skimmer Ballet Flat History is littered with examples of small and middling states exercising disproportionate influence through the deft application of secret intelligence.
Given the enormous – and occasionally decisive – advantages conferred by effective intelligence in the Great Game of Nations, well-governed states seek to maximize the effectiveness of their own intelligence services and to protect themselves against hostile services deployed against them.Skechers Women's Go Walk Lite-15412 Loafer Flat - Choose SZ/ColorAlegria Tortoise Shell Patent Leather Casual Mule Slide Shoes Women 42 / 11.5-12 Domestic security typically provides one level of defense, and counterintelligence another.
Gentleman/Lady LA TENACE Shoes 574432 Black 35 Reputation first Online export store Outstanding style
Although counterintelligence has been recognized as an integral component of state security since the Chinese military scholar Sun Tzu published The Art of War in the Fourth or Fifth century BC, the concept remains muddled. For almost two and a half millennia, the term itself has defied definition.
According to James Angleton, the legendary former Chief of CIA Counterintelligence, the term is ineffable. Although Angleton’s Deputy Chief for Operations generally concurred, he believed counterintelligence could nonetheless be described in terms of core functions. FRYE Gemma Slip On Flat Sneakers WHITE Leather $178 71089 sizes 7-10 New WOMENSNEW Merrell Dassie Tie Women 10.5 Oxford Shoes Leather Metal Eyelet Tie On BlackAngleton’s Deputy Chief for Analysis, however, disagreed with both. According to Raymond G. Rocca, counterintelligence is self-defined: it applies to any action undertaken to counter, i.e., negate, the efforts of hostile intelligence services.
Having studied under all three of the practitioners listed above, the writer of this paper eventually concluded Rocca’s understanding is more nearly correct; and has since argued that counterintelligence can be best illustrated by contrast. Where counterespionage – or security – seeks to neutralize individual spies and spy rings, counterintelligence attempts to neutralize hostile intelligence services as a whole.4 Pair SAS size 12 S Slim Lot Shoes USA Made Slip On Gray Black, Burgundy Cream
- Zamagni Women Cowboy Boots Size 37US Brown Faux Snake Skin Mid Calf Zipper
- Anne Klein Chelsey Dress Ankle Boots 403, Dark Cognac/Dark Cognac, 7 US
- Montana Cans x Reebok Classic Workout Plus MCC Marble Chalk Men Shoes CM9301
- AUTH! HELMUT LANG ARCHIVAL LOW TRAINERS RARE ITEM UNISEX RAF OWENS BONDAGE DAMIR
- 69 Slam Unisex Logo & Lines Thongs - Size 40 - Sandals Flipflops
- Josef Seibel Black Leather Closed Toe & Heel Fisherman Sandals US 11-11.5
- BOBS from Skechers Womens Pureflex Prima Ballet Flat- Select SZ/Color.
- Nike Air Diamond Turf Shoes Sz 9.5
- Nike Blazer Studio Italian Leather Mid 880870-400 New Genuine USA Men's Size 10
- Men Winter Leather Boots Cow Suede Canvas Fur Warm Snow Shoes Ankle Booties Male
- BOTA VAQUERA IMITACION GRAN LIDER ID 31402 PIEL CAIMAN COLA COGNAC
- KAMIK ~ black winter snow boots removable liner ~ Size 8
- Dr. Martens Mens Talib Wooly Bully Winter Boot Black Size 11 M US
- New Mongrel Work Boots Athletic Runners Zip Side Non Safety Non Steel Toe 961050
- Retro embroidery Mens Occident Mens Loafers Slipper Moccasin Patent Leather Shoe
- Man's/Woman's Skechers Men's Edmen-Bronte Driving Style Loafer The color is very eye-catching comfortability Very practical
- New Mongrel 251050 Side Zip Mens Steel Cap High Leg Zipsider Boots
- Giuseppe Zanotti Navy Concealed Wedge High Top Wedge Sneakers Sneakers Size US 8 Regular (M, B)
- Man/Woman: Air Jordan Retro 10: Lightweight Shoes
- Chloé Tan Suede Tassel Ankle New In Box Boots/Booties Size US 8.5 Regular (M, B)
- Skechers Black Women's Shape Ups 9us 39eu Sneakers Size US 9 Regular (M, B)
- NIKE SB ERIC KOSTON 2 LR OBSIDIAN / ROYAL / LIGHT ASH GREY
- Nike Kobe A.D. - Red Basketball Shoes (Men's Multiple Sizes) -
- adidas NMD_R1 BEDWIN & THE HEARTBREAKERS Black Limited Edition
- Women's Nike Air Force 1 AF1 Upstep 35 Shoes Palest Purple Size 8 917589 500!
- $160 Vivobarefoot Womens Trail Freak Running Shoes, Sea Green, / US 6
- MIA Maylynn Faux Shearling Lined Hiking Boot in black, size 6
- Nike Air Force 1 “Just Do It” AR7719-100 Sz. 11 No Box
- Nike LunarSolo Men's Black/Medium Olive/Light Pumice/Volt 4079008
- Womens Real Leather Knee High Boots Side Zip Mid Block Heel Kngith Combat Shoes
- Sam Edelman Women's Aven Mule - Choose SZ/color
- FRYE 79934 Womens Nora Whipstich Shootie Ankle Bootie- Choose SZ/Color.
- Born Womens US 6.5M Brown Leather Buckle Slip-On Clogs Casual Wedge Shoes
- Men's/Women's NEW LUCA VALENTINI WOMENS LOAFER Quality queen new best seller
- STUART WEITZMAN Mach1 Adobe Aniline Patent Leather Moc Loafers Shoes Size 8.5 M
- crocs 202044 Womens Duet Busy Day Multi Flat 7 US/- Choose SZ/Color.
- Man/Woman tory burch shoes 6 new Diverse new design special function TRUE
- Skechers D Lites DLT-A-New Orbit Pink White Women Slip On Shoes 66666085-PNK
- Fashion Sneakers Women Elevator Shoes 3.15Inch Hidden High Heel Shoes Chamaripa
- Adidas Originals Tubular Shadow W [BY9735] Women Casual Shoes White/Grey
- AUTH LUXURY PRADA SNEAKERS SHOES 3E6026 GREY PINK NEW US 11
- Klogs USA Women's NAPLES Clog,Black Tooled,8.5 M US
- Lacoste Chaymon 218 Men's Casual Croc Logo Shoes Sneakers Black Blue Grey White
- Mens Loafers Black Patent Leather Shoes Slip on Comfort Pumps Korean Casual
- NWOB Brusque Brown Wingtip Oxford Mens Size 8 Euro Size 41 Leather/Suede
- Adidas Shoes Adi Ease G48269 Men's Size Usa- 12, Eur- 46.2/3 New
- ECCO Mens 9 US 43EU Black Leather Classic Moc Slip On Loafers Shoes
- New Women's Cuffed Winter Boots Size 7
- new ladies Tan 1" Block Low Heel Gold Studs Combat Sexy Ankle Boot Size 6
- Naughty Monkey Womens Natasha Leather Pointed Toe Knee High, Tan, Size 7.0 PfuY
- Womens Vaneli Authentic Designer Fashion Black Slouch Boots - Size 7 Narrow
- Use-Custom-Brand Womens Trish Closed Toe Knee High Fashion Boots
- NIB $110 Converse Jack Purcell Jack Ox Post Applied Egret 142665C US Mens 9.5
- Versace 19.69 8493 SOFTY BALLY BLEU Loafers Men's Blue US
- TOD'S MEN'S LEATHER LOAFERS MOCCASINS NEW BLACK DE2
- Spenco Fusion 2 - Men's Orthotic Recovery Sandal Bean - 8
- Balenciaga Ballet Flat Arena Black Metallic Suede Size 39 Brass Studded
- New Nike Mens Zoom Distance Track Spikes Yellow White 819164 107 SZ 11.5
- ASICS GEL KAYANO 21 Blue MEN'S 14 FLUID RIDE FLUID FIT Gel Running Shoes T4H2N
- Mens Guess by Marciano Size 10 Brown MGCALEN Mixed Material Motorcycle Boots
- Vintage 1970's Frye Customized Black 2225 Harness Engineer Boots - Mens 10.5 B
- Stuart Weitzman Black Lowland Over The Knee Boots/Booties Size US 5 Regular (M, B)
- Cole Haan Brown Boots/Booties Size US 5 Regular (M, B)
- Vince Camuto Brown Tovia Wedges Size US 8.5 Regular (M, B)
- Justin 3025 Grey Classic Leather Roper Cowboy Western Boots Sz 9.5 D
- Chic Mens Riding Combat Military Leather Equestrian Back Zipper Knee High Boots
- Carhartt Men's 6" Lightweight Waterproof Composite Toe Work Boot CM...
- Rocky Mens scrambler Leather Closed Toe Ankle Safety Boots, Brown, Size 11.5
- Sperry Size 9 Gray Knit Sneakers New Mens Shoes
- Rockport Men's City Smart Plain-Toe Derby Shoe
- Adidas Originals GS Dragon OG Suede Trainers in Light Pink & White BB2489
- Nike Kevin Durant Trey 5 III PREM Mens Basketball Shoes, 749377 263 Size 11.5
- [635578 603] NIKE Zoom Kobe Venomenon 4 Red/Black-Mint Mens Basketball Size 11
- adidas BC0034 Womens Cloudfoam Ultimate Running Shoe 7- Choose SZ/Color.
- NIKE Men's Lunarstelos Running Shoe
- Vintage Converse Rare Star Player Basketball Shoes Made In Korea Size 7
- Carlos by Carlos Santana Women's Mandarin Fashion Boot Black 8 M US
- NEW Nike AIR MAX ZERO SE 918232-100 White Armory Blue Running Shoe Men Size 8.5
- Mens Nike Air Zoom GIMME Cargo Khaki/Black-Light Bone 849955 301 Sz 11
- CLARKS Women's Adriel Phyliss Pump - Choose SZ/color
- Paul Green Womens Eastwood Dark Grey Suede, 2 Buckle Ankle Boot US 6.5
- Vince Camuto Women's Elvin Bootie - Choose SZ/Color
- SAS Burgundy Metro Horse Bit Loafers Women's US 7.5W
- Anne Klein Womens Keana Suede Pointed Toe Flat- Pick SZ/Color.
- Think Aida 08 Black Womens Leather Ankle Strap Open-back Pumps Shoes
- Hot Womens Rhinestone Leather Round Toe Loafers Slip On Flat Casual Boat Shoes G
- AUTHENTIC CHRISTIAN LOUBOUTIN PATENT RIBBON PUMPS FLAT SHOES GRADE B USED -AT
- Women's Shoes Spira Women Shoes Leather Walking White/White
- Nike Women's Air Zoom Structure 20 849577-404 Size: 7.5
- Women's Nike Roshe One Premium Casual Shoes Total Orange/White/Black 833928 800
- Golden Goose Mesh Size 8 (eur 38)
- SFC Shoes For Crews Aurora White Leather Women's 9143 Size 10 / 41.5 $69
- Cole Haan Brown Horsebit Driving Loafer Shoe Men's US 10B
- Fashion Men's Winter Warm Casual Fur Lined Slip On Loafers Driving Thicken Shoes
- PW Minor DX2 Natural Brown Leather Orthopedic Diabetic Sneakers Men's size 12.5
- Asics Gel - Attract Shoes Men's (T23RQ) 100% Authentic Size 12 - 46.5 New
- New Florsheim Comfortech Nowles 14 D black pebble (671)
- VTG WOMENS UNBRANDED TOE RAND SNIP TOE COWBOY LEATHER BROWN BOOTS SIZE 8 M
- L@@K! WOMENS OLD WEST BRAND WESTERN COWBOY BOOTS LEATHER LF1553 7 M FLAME
- Free People Over the Knee Leather Boots, SZ.10, Honey Beige, Zip closure
- $200 BOUTIQUE 9 WAFER Black Suede Designer Rushed Wedge Platform Ankle Boots 10
- Adrienne Vittadini Nilson Over-the-Knee Boots 158, Black, 8 US
- etnies Metal Mulisha Fader Black Blue Mens Leather Skate Trainers
- Florsheim Men's Curtis Brown Buffalo Leather Business Shoes
- English Laundry- Baba Sneaker, Men's Size 8, Grey
- Olukai Hokua Black/Dark Shadow Comfort Flip Flop Men's sizes 8-17 NIB!!!
- Ladies Rieker Leather Mary Jane Riptape Fastening Flat Shoes - 41357
- Christian Louboutin Yellow Pink Taupe Blue Foraine Striped Glitter Platform Pumps Size US 6.5 Regular (M, B)
- Christian Louboutin Black Fontabooty 120 Leather Cutout Boots/Booties Size US 7
- Balenciaga Burgundy Pony Hair Boots/Booties Size US 9.5 Regular (M, B)
- K-Swiss Classic 96 P Lifestyle Mens Blue Sneaker 8M
- ASICS Men's "'Gel-Sonoma 3" T724N Gray/Black Athletic Shoes-Size 12M
- TONY LAMA MENS 9.5 D TEJU LIZARD LEATHER BROWN CLASSIC WESTERN COWBOY BOOTS
- New Men`s Kodiak Emerson Snow Boots Waterproof Insulated Brown MSRP$135
- Man's/Woman's Woodland Mens Leather Dealer/Chelsea Boot (DF1105) Year-end special promotions Won highly appreciated and widely trusted at home and abroad Speed refund
- Mens PU Leather Military Knight Mid-calf Boots Combat Motorcycle Punk Zip Shoes
- HERMAN SURVIVORS (HNTG 8" WP LEA AO) LEATHER WATERPROOF INSULATED EX WW SZ 7.5
- Keen Mens Destin Mid Steel Toe Waterproof Work Safety Work Boots Size 11 EE
- Sanuk Men's Hemp Slip-On Natural 12 D(M) US
- Man's/Woman's New Balance Men's M995gr Reliable quality Good market Recommended today
- The Original Mostro Perfect EXT Candy Pink 34195304 Genuine Leather *DEAD STOCK
- NIKE SB PORTMORE NB COOL GREY / ANTHRACITE -WHITE
- Nike SB Janoski Slip Cappuccino Sandrift White Brown Sz 10.5 833564-217
- vt20963 Adidas woman's white sneakers
- Nike Air Force One Low Suede ID size 9 AQ3660-991
- Reebok Women's Astroride Walking Shoe, Black, 6.5 M US
- Women's Over Knee Thigh Boots Solid Pu Leather Pull On Stiletto Platform Pleated
- Nike Zoom Winflo 3 Mens Running Trainers 831561 Sneakers Shoes 401
- New Nike Benassi Solarsoft Slide Sandals Flip Flops Beach Pool Shoes Size 9 Gift
- JUSTIN Roper Comb Last Cowboy Cowgirl Boots Removable Kiltie USA Made Womens 5 B
- Luxury Women Net Low Heel Pointed Toe Back Zip Embroidery Flower Ankle Boots Sz
- Naot Women's Sirocco Volcanic Brown Leather/Bronze Shimmer Suede Ankle Boots
- Womens Flats Slip ons Loafers Casual Oxfords Preppy Girls PU Leather Size 4.5-8
- ART BERGEN, femme, Rouge (CARMIN), 37 EUùùùùùùùùùùùùùùùùùùù
- HERZEL ROMA ITALIAN FLATS WHITE MOCASSINS MIU PRADA LOAFERS BALLERINAS 7 37 TOP
- Ladies Waldlaufer 496301 Black Leather Casual Strap Shoes
Versace 19.69 E08 PITONE MULTICOLOR ballerina shoes Women's Multicolor US
In a more perfect world, intelligence services would aspire to comprehensive coverage of their targets. But in actual practice, physical, organizational, political, and budgetary constraints have traditionally forced them to limit their collection activities to data pertaining to the targeted state’s organization, capabilities, and intentions. More recently, intelligence services have been tasked with gathering financial, economic, and technical data as well; and with the development of remote collection techniques, the amount of raw data collected by major intelligence services has become staggering in both scope and volume.
From a theoretical standpoint, intelligence collection and analysis should not be especially difficult. But given the fact that intelligence services routinely devote a substantial portion of their resources to deception operations designed to deceive their adversaries, Alegria Paloma Flat Classic Black Napa Mary Jane Womens Size 37 US 7the task is far more difficult than it first appears. Tables of organization and orders of battle can be faked, deployment patterns and readiness indicators manipulated, and communications traffic played for purpose. Indeed, almost any sort of intelligence data can be fabricated and fed to foreign intelligence services through sacrificial spies, dangles, false defectors, and dispatched agents.
This inherent vulnerability to hostile deception operations lays bare what Angleton formally referred to as the Epistemological Problem:Salvatore Ferragamo Sport Natural Nubuck Driving Loafers SZ 5 B Made In ItalyCole Haan Grant Womens Driving Moccasins Metallic Gold Leather 7B Fantastic!.
Given the fact that foreign intelligence services routinely mount large and carefully crafted deception operations against us, how can we know what we believe to be true is actually so?
In less guarded moments, he called it “That damnable question.”
Cole Haan Womens Zerlasam Closed Toe Loafers Red Orange Size 6.0
As intelligence practitioners will attest, it is a damnable question indeed. Nonetheless, there are two solutions to the problem – one partial, the other complete.
The first solution is to look at intelligence data in terms of a jigsaw puzzle extending across time. PAUL GREEN DISTRESSED BROWN LEATHER & SUEDE SNEAKERS SIZE 4 US 6.5MAfter fitting together as many of the pieces as possible, one may flag those that are known to be true beyond doubt. Subsequent pieces that fit with those may be presumed true, in the absence of contrary evidence.
Although this approach has considerable merit – including especially the way it facilitates intuitive judgments – the results it generates are both probabilistic and tentative. The likelihood that new data may significantly alter the pattern is high.
In contrast, the second solution can provide definitive answers – but only rarely, Bruno Magli women Burgundy Bologna class penny Loafers, Leather Size 371/2 GY184when two relatively unlikely events occur simultaneously: 1) a high-level penetration agent confirms the validity of specific intelligence data, and 2) a code break “backstops” the veracity of the confirming agent. In the world of intelligence, certainty depends upon serendipity.
The recruitment of high-level penetration agents is rare, and code breaks are even more so. They occur together perhaps once a decade, and when they do intelligence analysts emerge from their garrets to enjoy a brief moment of clarity. But when the agent is lost or the codes are changed, they are condemned to wander once more through what Angleton termed “The Wilderness of Mirrors” – an Epistemological Hell from which neither truth nor falsehood may be surely obtained.
Ladies Clarks Stylish Slip On Smart Shoes Sharon Dolly
Determining the validity of intelligence data thus depends in part on recruiting from the enemy’s ranks senior political office holders or high-ranking government officials, and in part upon breaking their codes. But once affected, these unlikely circumstances open a window to other intriguing possibilities – including, Spenco Siesta - Women's Slide - Canvas Off-white - 7Skechers bobs plush play ball slip on shoes NWOBspecifically, offensive counterintelligence operations designed to penetrate, infiltrate, and suborn the target’s intelligence service in order to play it back against the state it serves. The ultimate goal of such operations is to entice or provoke the targeted state into undertaking ruinous and self-destructive actions.New Bernie Mev Runner Women's Sneaker Slick Woven Red Size 36 US 5.5-6Calleen Cordero Leather Bronze Studded Metallic Lattice Ballet Flat SZ 7 N $399
As Angleton observed, successful politicians and senior government officials are a remarkably homogenous lot. For the most part, they derive from roughly comparable social circumstances and share core formative experiences in common. MERRELL women's DUSKAIR Moccasins Casual Slip On SHOES Smooth Leather Brown 6 MMAGDESIANS women TASHA Shiny GOLD Leather Jewel Beaded Toe LOAFER Shoes 6 MThey attend the same schools – or at least the same types of schools – and are imbued with the same canon. They also hold remarkably similar beliefs and values, and share certain characteristic attitudes regarding the larger world. Together these form something akin to a collective psyche, or what Angleton termed the “Mind of the State.”
If states have minds, they also have states of mind – and as with individuals, it is their state of mind that makes them most vulnerable to deception. For a state of mind is a predisposition to belief or action; and if that predisposition can be accurately gauged,G.H. Bass & Co. Women's Whitney Penny Loafer, Brown 938, 6 M USNEW Earth Savin Womens 7M Loafer Shoes Leather Monk Strap Slip On Comfort Gray tempting or provoking the targeted decision-makers to ruin becomes a plausible exercise in perception management.
Man/Woman Melissa Shoes Womens Maisie Fine processing Known for its good quality comfortable
If there is a single failing common to decision-makers throughout history, it is an excessive faith in intelligence. For reasons that remain obscure, decision-makers seem unable or unwilling to grasp the implications of the Epistemological Problem Angleton described. Despite ample warnings, they almost invariably place far more credence in intelligence reports than they deserve; and it is upon this most basic failing that offensive counterintelligence plays.
In The Art of War, Sun Tzu wrote “Supreme excellence is to subdue the enemy without fighting” Bandolino Women's Edition Gold Multi Fabric 6 W US Wand argued this end may best be achieved by manipulating the “Golden Threads” of intelligence – that is, the lines of communications that connect agents recruited from within the enemy’s camp to one’s own. The first Golden Thread may be activated by sacrificing deliberately misinformed low-level agents for capture, Vintage John Fluevog Women's F Shoes Light & Dark Green Bicycle Oxfords Size 6dangling double agents for enemy recruitment, and dispatching false defectors to the enemy’s camp. The second is brought into play by querying the agent-in-place to determine how the enemy decision-makers have interpreted the false information they delivered. If the information evokes the intended state of mind, the false message can be reinforced by repeating the process in different ways. If not, it can be modulated until it does.
By these means offensive counterintelligence operations can create a false picture of reality in the minds of targeted decision-makers, much as an artist paints an image upon a sheet of canvass. Brush stroke by brush stroke, the attacking service can exploit the enemy intelligence service it suborned to systematically manipulate the Mind of the State.
Bella Vita Women's Ozark Ballet Flat - Choose SZ/Color
The many critics of offensive counterintelligence argue that strategic deception operations of the size and scale suggested above are far too complex and complicated to be practical, as they are doomed to eventually collapse under their own weight. Earth Pax - Women's Lightweight Breathable Leather Black - 7 MediumThe criticism is true at least in part, but nonetheless disingenuous. Intelligence operations of any sort have a relatively short shelf life; and unless shut down by those who initiated them or uncovered by their intended targets, they will ALL eventually collapse for similar cause.
Perhaps more to the point, modern history is strewn with examples of successful strategic deceptions including the TRUST operation of the 1920’s, which saved the nascent Soviet state from ruin; the Soviet-sponsored WIN operation that forced the United States to abandon its post-war efforts to liberate Eastern Europe; and the Anglo-American deception operation that made possible the successful invasion of Normandy in 1944. All of these operations were conducted in the manner outlined above, and each inflicted massive damage upon the states they targeted.
Unfortunately, the United States abandoned its national counterintelligence capability in December of 1974 – and with it, the ability to mount large-scale strategic deception operations. Redefined and re-envisioned by successive administrations, Anne Klein Women's Harmonie Loafer, Navy Reptile, 7.5 M UScounterintelligence had been reduced to little more than a security function until the Clinton Administration partially resurrected it after disastrous and overlapping penetrations of the CIA and the FBI were uncovered in the 1990’s. Expanded and reorganized in the aftermath of 9-11, a National Counterintelligence Executive now exists as a semi-autonomous supervisory agency. And yet despite the many long overdue reforms that have been undertaken since 2001, U.S. counterintelligence remains hobbled by an obtuse and legalistic definition, conceptual confusion,Softwalk Meredith - Grey's Anatomy Profess Multi Mosaic - 7.5 Medium tangled jurisdictions, and – above all – by institutional timidity. For while offensive counterintelligence operations are now officially recognized, they remain tightly controlled and rarely sanctioned. They are tactical operations, most often mounted in reprisal.
Despite ample modern precedents, strategic deception operations of the sort advocated by Sun Tzu and refined by Angleton remain beyond the pale. This is unfortunate and – for those that seek to limit the suffering caused by armed conflict – deeply disconcerting.Sam Edelman Therese Moss Green Suede Tassel Loafer Casual Shoes Womens 8MNEW Cole Haan Jennica Women’s Snake Plated Slip-On’s US Size 6.5 B Shoes
For in the Great Game of Nations, offensive counterintelligence remains the only plausible means for achieving victory without war. For if only in theory, it is the primary offensive instrument of state.
Published by the Center for Intelligence Studies.J.Crew BLACK PATENT LEATHER FLATS US SIZE 8,5M MADE IN ITALYEarthies Capri - Women's Mary Jane Ballet Flat Grey - 6.5 Medium
1016 K Street NE. Washington, DC. 20002
202 / 399-0292
Copyright 2009. This paper may be reproduced in part or in whole for civic or educational purposes, provided that context is preserved and full attribution is given